Speech of the Minister of Foreign AffairsAnnual Press Statement of the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Dr. R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Excellency Dr. N. Hassan Wirajuda, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia 2001 – 2009,
Honourable Mr. Sidharto Danusubroto, Vice Chairman of the Committee for Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation of the House of Representative,
Distinguished Members of the Press, Your Excellencies Ambassadors from Friendly Countries, Distinguished Guests, and Distinguished Colleagues from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Assalaamu’alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.
A very good morning to all of us.
First of all, praise be to Allah Almighty, for by His Grace we can continue our efforts to contribute to our beloved country.
On this auspicious occasion, on behalf of myself and all officials and staff of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and all Representatives of Indonesia abroad, allow me to extend to all of you our best wishes for a Happy New Year 2011.
It is indeed a great pleasure for me and all of us that we have among us today our mentors and seniors in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and also younger generations of the Ministry who will take over its leadership in the future.
As we embark on a new year in the conduct of Indonesia’s foreign policy, allow me to begin by expressing my personal, and if I may also speak on behalf of all my colleagues within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, our most profound appreciation to all of you for the constant interest and support you extended to us throughout the past year.
As I have emphasized in our statement last year, foreign policy, not least in a democratic setting such in today’s Indonesia, must be anchored by a sense of ownership and participation of all stakeholders.
To ensure an effective foreign policy, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia believes that the ownership and participation of all stakeholders is a necessity.
In the year 2011, we are thus determined to further enhance our outreach efforts through, inter alia, the Ministry’s public diplomacy and information dissemination programme. To build and nurture a foreign policy constituency – especially among Indonesian youths, Indonesia’s next generation.
We begin a new year in Indonesia’s foreign policy with a strong sense of purpose and determination not only to continue and build on the gains of the past year, but also to identify new opportunities and possibilities.
To manifest Indonesia’s independent and active foreign policy within a remarkably complex regional and global milieu.
So that Indonesia would not only overcome whatever challenges it now faces but would also thrive in the new and complex geopolitical setting.
In safeguarding the country’s national interest: its security and prosperity.
In contributing to the promotion of international peace and stability.
Indeed, developments over the past year have amplified a fact that we alluded to last year:
that of 21st century challenges defying national solutions alone and demanding instead collaboration and cooperation among nations – sometimes blurring distinctions between what are national, regional and global issues, as well as between bilateral and multilateral issues;
challenges that are so interlinked that solutions to one have an impact on another, thereby requiring problem solving efforts that are comprehensive.
The year 2010, of course, hardly saw a draw down in the list of such transnational challenges confronting the community of nations.
Development, climate change, global finance, food, and energy crisis, health issues, and natural disasters, for example, continue to challenge all nations, developed and developing alike. Transnational organized threats and crimes too, such as terrorism, trafficking in persons and people smuggling, corruption continue to pose danger.
Since practically all such threats demand cooperation among nations for their resolution, all of them have a foreign policy dimension.
Diplomacy can make a difference.
Not only to overcome such threats and challenges but also to create new opportunities.
This, indeed, has been the case with respect to the conduct of Indonesia’s foreign policy throughout the past year.
On such issues, Indonesian foreign policy has not been found wanting. It has been principled, visionary and yet pragmatic in actively seeking to find solutions, in building bridges of understanding, in fostering consensus.
In early 2010, we were committed to actively raise our cooperative relations to a higher level with countries around the world – in the Asia Pacific, Africa, Europe and America.
During 2010, we focused on revitalizing the mechanisms of bilateral relations with various countries; to review all aspects of bilateral relations in a comprehensive manner and to identify new opportunities.
A score card mechanism for bilateral relations was devised to ensure the development and progress in bilateral relations between Indonesia and various countries.
With Malaysia, for example, the mechanism of the bilateral commission at Foreign Ministers’ level was revived after the last meeting in 2004. Thus in the past six months, there have been at least four Foreign Ministers’ Meetings. In addition, there are annual consultations at the level of Heads of State/Government to review the development of bilateral relations.
With Singapore, Indonesia established a mechanism for regular meetings at Foreign Ministers’ level every six months either in a formal or an informal setting. At the Summit level, both Heads of Government meet in the format of Leaders’ Retreat annually.
In 2010, the Joint Ministerial Commission was also revived with Thailand, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste and New Zealand. Previous meetings of Joint Commissions with these countries were last held in 2007, 2003, 2005 and 2008 respectively.
With Australia, in 2010, it was agreed that the annual meeting at the level of Heads of State / Government would take the form of an Annual Leaders’ Dialogue. There is also a Ministerial Level Forum involving the Ministers for Foreign Affairs and the Ministers of Defense of both countries as well as an annual forum of all stakeholders of the relations between Australia and Indonesia.
With the U.S., for the first time, in 2010 the Foreign Ministers’ level meeting was conducted in the format of a joint commission. This mechanism will become an annual forum that comprehensively reviews the Indonesia-US partnership.
We continue to develop strategic and comprehensive partnerships in our bilateral relations with Russia, China, India, Japan and Republic of Korea.
Indonesia also attached a great importance to the relation with countries in Europe especially with Europian Union. This is reflected in the Comprehensive Partnership Agreement.
Indonesia also develop its relationship with countries in Africa and South America within which Indonesia has close relations historically and also has full potential to be more relevant in this new era.
Not least, Indonesian foreign policy over the past year put importance to the Pacific region by enhancing relations with neighboring countries like Timor-Leste and Papua New Guinea and with wider region such as New Zealand and other Pacific countries.
Efforts to enhance various aspects of bilateral relations with other countries are reflected in 121 MoUs and other forms of agreement with 44 countries, throughout 2010.
Also in 2010, Indonesia opened 10 Representative Missions of the Republic of Indonesia abroad, and the Office of the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia to ASEAN in Jakarta. In the same spirit, Indonesia welcomed the intention of other countries to open their Diplomatic Representative Missions in Jakarta.
In 2011, we will consolidate and strengthen our bilateral relations with other countries.
Based on existing friendly bilateral relationships, particularly in the political area, the focus of our bilateral diplomacy will be on efforts to enhance people-to-people relations and to deepen economic diplomacy that will bring real contributions to national development.
Furthermore, in 2011, the Indonesian Government, in accordance with existing rules and procedures, will initiate the opening of diplomatic relations with 21 UN member states. Obviously, Indonesia already has established close and good relationship with those countries, especially in the multilateral framework. With the official opening of diplomatic relations with these 21 UN member states, Indonesia will have established bilateral relations with all UN member states, a total of 192 countries except Israel.
In line with Indonesia’s commitment to strengthen and expand bilateral relations with various countries around the world, we are firmly committed to working for peace, stability and prosperity in our own region – Southeast Asia.
In early 2010, Indonesia reiterated its commitment to continuously contribute to the achievement of the ASEAN Community by 2015, based on its three pillars developing in a parallel and balanced manner.
During 2010, Indonesia continuously engaged in efforts to fulfill that commitment, through the implementation of the ASEAN Community blueprints and the ASEAN Charter and, through efforts, not less important, through quiet diplomacy, to ensure that the Southeast Asian region continues to be characterized by peace and friendship, according to the principles embodied in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation.
Moreover, throughout 2010, Indonesia made concrete and proactive contributions to the discussions on the Regional Architecture Building, in order to maintain the principle of ASEAN as the driving force. The expansion of East Asia Summit membership, through the simultaneous admittance of the United States and Russia is one of the manifestations of these concrete efforts.
For Indonesia, all these are to ensure a peaceful and stable situation in the region; common security and common prosperity, a situation that is marked by “dynamic equilibrium”.
As we are aware, prompted by a desire to consolidate the centrality of ASEAN in the fast growing dynamics in the region, Indonesia has gained support to change its chairmanship in ASEAN into 2011.
As the Chair of ASEAN, Indonesia will again show its leadership. Not only by ensuring progress in achieving ASEAN Community by 2015, but also by rolling out ASEAN’s vision post 2015, in line with the theme “ASEAN Community in a global community of nations”.
As ASEAN Chair in 2011, Indonesia has identified three fundamental priorities, namely:
First, to ensure that 2011 will be marked with significant progress in achieving the ASEAN Community.
This includes all efforts at consolidating and intensifying various forms of cooperation under the existing three pillars.
In addition, together with other ASEAN countries, Indonesia will also identify new areas of cooperation which need special attention, according to the challenges and opportunities of today and of the future.
For example, Indonesia hopes that in 2011, the ASEAN Human Rights Commission will be more effective in fulfilling its mandate, reflecting the commitment of ASEAN countries to respect Human Rights.
Indonesia will also endeavor to make significant progress on the issue of protection of migrant workers in the region.
In view of recent developments, Indonesia will also give special attention to the issue of maritime security, which relates to security, environment and safety navigation issues, including through the ASEAN Maritime Forum.
Second, as ASEAN Chair, Indonesia will ensure that the regional architecture and regional environment remain conducive to development.
As we stated at the beginning of 2010, for Indonesia, an East Asia Community or Asia Pacific Community cannot be realized without the ASEAN Community as its main foundation.
Hence, throughout 2010, Indonesia demonstrated its “intellectual leadership” in the discussions on Regional Architecture Building. Indonesia played an active role in ensuring the centrality of ASEAN in responding to various initiatives regarding the development of the regional architecture, including the expansion of the East Asia Summit.
In 2011, Indonesia will continue its leadership by shaping the agenda and the strategic role of the East Asia Summit.
Indonesia believes the East Asia Summit should be the main leaders’ forum for discussion of strategic issues at both global and regional levels.
Third, as ASEAN Chair, Indonesia will also start the deliberation on post-2015 vision for ASEAN, namely ASEAN Community in a global community of nations.
An ASEAN Community that contributes to the creation of world peace and security.
An ASEAN Community that ensures the growth of a world economy that is strong, stable, open and balanced;
An ASEAN Community that serves as the vanguard for the promotion of democratic values, human rights and tolerance at the global level.
All of these can be achieved by promoting the establishment of an ASEAN common platform on global issues. This cannot be done in an instant. It needs vision, blueprint and a roadmap towards a more cohesive ASEAN role in addressing global issues. As ASEAN moves strategically towards ASEAN Community 2015, Indonesia hopes that there will be a similar blueprint towards an ASEAN Community in a global community of nations.
Underlying thiose three main priorities, Indonesia will continuesly promote ASEAN to develop as a people-centered organization.
At the global level, in line with what we said at the beginning of 2010, Indonesia’s diplomacy will continue to enhance our role in the solution of global problems.
Indonesia strongly believes that the multilateral approach to addressing global issues is essential.
The role and contribution of Indonesia is carried out through various multilateral forums such as the United Nations, the Non-aligned Movement, the Group of 77, the OIC, APEC, as well as the G-20. In addition, Indonesia is actively involved in various interregional cooperation forums such as ASEM (Asia and Europe), FEALAC (Asia and Latin America), as well as NAASP (Asia and Africa).
In 2010, Indonesia consistently strives to promote its own national interests, the interests of developing countries and the interests of the international community at the United Nations.
To help create international peace and security, Indonesia throughout 2010, consistently played a central role in nuclear disarmament issues in a way that would help realize a world without nuclear weapons.
As Non-aligned Movement coordinator on disarmament, Indonesia played a key role at the NPT Review Conference in May 2010 so that this conference could produce a final agreement. In contrast, in 2005 a similar meeting failed to reach a final agreement due to sharp differences of view between the nuclear states and the rest.
Indonesia’s decision to initiate a process of ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear Weapons Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) has received very positive response from various members of the international community.
The decision is part of new initiative to create a “world without nuclear weapons.”
In 2011, as a result of the shared commitment between the Government and Parliament, Indonesia, Insha-Allah, will complete the ratification process and will encourage various parties to do the same so that the CTBT treaty will soon enter into force.
Moreover, in 2011 as well, Indonesia will continue to play an active role in the pursuit of several disarmament agenda, including the review conference on the Biological Weapons Convention.
On the issue of peacekeeping operations, Indonesia actively contributes to the development of the strategic concept of the deployment of the UN peacekeeping missions. Indonesia continues to encourage an increased role for civilians (White Helmets) to support the development and rehabilitation programs in post-conflict areas. All these efforts will be promoted through national ownership.
To boost ASEAN’s role in supporting UN peacekeeping missions, Indonesia held a workshop on “The Role of the United Nations in Multidimensional Peacekeeping and Post Conflict Peace building: Toward ASEAN Perspective” in Jakarta, on 29 and 30 March 2010.
In 2011, Indonesia will strive to become the hub of a network of peacekeeping centers in the region.
Throughout 2010, Indonesia deployed some 1785 personnel in seven UN Missions to fulfill its commitment to the maintenance of world peace.
Indonesia is one of the 20 largest contributing countries to UN peacekeeping forces.
Indonesia increased its contributions to peacekeeping not only in terms of number of personnel but also in terms of additional performance units. Indonesia sent the Indonesian Naval Vessel KRI Kaisiepo in August 2010 to join the Maritime Task Force (MTF) UNIFIL. This is our second participation after the Indonesian Navy Vessel KRI Diponegoro, which joined the MTF in April-September 2009.
In the future, Indonesia will continue to increase its contributions to UN peacekeeping missions to join the top ten largest contributor countries of UN troops.
On the international peace and security issue, Indonesia remains committed to find a comprehensive solution to the Palestinian issue based on relevant UN resolutions.
The Palestinian cause is an Indonesian cause.
The establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestine living side by side with Israel is the comprehensive solution that would bring an end to the protracted Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
In 2010, Indonesia continued to provide concrete support for Palestine, through the capacity building for the Palestinian people and government.
Indonesia not only bilaterally provided capacity building assistance but also worked to gather support from Asia and Africa for the same purpose. So far 1662 Palestinians have benefited from capacity building programs involving 24 countries, including training for Palestinian diplomats by our Foreign Ministry.
In accordance with a request by President Mahmoud Abbas during His state visit to Jakarta, Indonesia initiated a forum of emerging powers on the Palestinian cause. These were Brazil, India, South Africa and Indonesia. This was the first time that the four countries acted in unison.
During the meeting held on the sidelines of the UNGA in September 2010, the four countries committed themselves to contributing vigorously to promoting the peace process in the Middle East.
In 2011, Indonesia will continue to promote the peace process between Palestine and Israel. Indonesia will continue to help mobilize international community assistance in capacity building for 10,000 Palestinians within five years.
In 2010, Indonesia’s diplomacy strived to ensure that the global development agenda remained at the forefront at the height of the multidimensional crisis that struck the international community.
At UN Headquarters in New York in 2010, world leaders met to review progress toward the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
Indonesia not only actively participated in the meeting, we also initiated the Asia Pacific Ministerial meeting in Jakarta, which consolidated the position and interests of the countries of the region. The results were presented to the High-level Meeting in New York.
The Asia Pacific Ministerial meeting identified measures that need to be continuously promoted at the national, regional and global level to ensure that countries in the Asia-Pacific region meet the MDGs targets by 2015.
In 2011, Indonesia will continue to encourage all parties, our developed country partners as well as international organizations, including international financial institutions, to work together to ensure the achievement of MDG targets at the national level.
Indonesia will also continue to establish strategic partnerships and an environment conducive to the achievement of “development and prosperity for all.”
Indonesia is of the view that the UN, as a legitimate international organization with universal membership, must be effective. It must have the capacity to carry out its mandate.
The UN should accommodate all countries’ interests— both developed and developing, large and small.
In 2010, Indonesia consistently engaged in efforts to revitalize the United Nations General Assembly, reform the UN Security Council to become more representative and democratic, and to encourage the UN to work in a more integrated, effective and efficient manner. These efforts should be aimed at helping UN member states in dealing with various traditional and non-traditional challenges facing the international community.
On the reform of the UN Security Council, although five rounds of negotiations had been held as of 2010, there are still sharp differences among UN member countries.
In 2011, Indonesia will again play an active role in the ongoing UN reform process.
Indonesia believes that with total reform the UN will be in a much better position to carry out its mandate.
Through the Non-Aligned Movement, within which Indonesia has historically exercised major influence, we will continue to push for the political interests of developing countries in multilateral forums.
In 2011, Indonesia will host the 118th meeting of Foreign Ministers of Non-aligned Countries in Bali.
The meeting will also commemorate the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Non-aligned Movement.
The main agenda of the meeting is an assessment of the role of the NAM during the past 50 years and launching of the vision of the NAM for the next 50 years under a changing global context. Indonesia is confident that as a political movement of developing countries, the NAM will constructively contribute to the solution of global problems.
The NAM’s 50th anniversary will create momentum for its revitalization. Looking ahead, we expect NAM to consolidate among developing countries a posture that is more partnership oriented.
In 2010, Indonesia continued working to make the Organization of Islamic Conference more relevant to the interests of the Ummah. Confident that Islam and democracy can co-exist, Indonesia in 2011 will continue to promote cooperation among OIC countries in various fields, including democracy, human rights and the role of women in the Islamic world.
As a developing country that is also a member of the G-20, Indonesia will consistently promote the development agenda in multilateral forums such as the Group of 77, APEC and the G-20 itself.
Indonesia will always speak for the cause of development in developing countries and encourage partnership with various parties, including with development partners.
Indonesia believes that all parties are entitled to development and prosperity, which can only be achieved through cooperation and partnership.
As you may have observed, in the second decade of the 21st century, the world is confronted with various multidimensional problems which can only be overcome through cooperation among all countries.
All challenges have foreign policy aspects. Therefore, we must identify the national interest in every global challenges we face.
On environmental issues, for example, the foreign policy aspect is pervasive.
During 2010, Indonesia reaffirmed its role in global environmental diplomacy in international forums.
In Bali last February, Indonesia again hosted a Special Session of the Governing Council and the 11th Global Ministerial Environment Forum of UNEP.
On the sidelines of that meeting, Indonesia initiated an informal ministerial meeting on climate change, to reinvigorate a sense of mutual trust among states parties after the Copenhagen meeting at the end of 2009 failed to reach a legally binding agreement.
Apart from this, at the bilateral level, in order to alleviate the negative impact of climate change, Indonesia does not sit idly while waiting for the fulfillment of international commitments and agreements within the framework of the UNFCCC.
As a national commitment, Indonesia has voluntarily committed to reduce emissions by 26 percent on a business-as-usual basis and 41 percent with international assistance. Indonesia launched a partnership with Norway to manage forests sustainably through the signing of a Letter of Intent on REDD +.
This cooperation not only reflects the commitment of both countries to addressing climate change, but is also an exemplar of a partnership between a developing country and a developed country in addressing global problems and challenges.
As of this year 2011, despite the Cancun meeting, which produced an initial agreement, a legally binding agreement and a commitment that would replace the Kyoto protocol has not yet been achieved.
Hence Indonesia will work hard and cooperate with all parties to maintain positive momentum for the COP-17 meeting in South Africa in 2011 so that the meeting will be able to produce a deal that could ultimately save our beloved planet from the impacts of climate change.
On the issue of Democracy and Human Rights, diplomacy plays an important and significant role.
To promote democracy and human rights at the global level, Indonesian diplomacy played an important role during 2010. In the meeting of the Community of Democracies in Krakow, Poland, for example, Indonesia stressed the importance of a democracy that provides tangible benefits for the people’s lives and welfare. Democracy is a process that must be cultivated. All elements of society must have ownership of a mature democracy.
Indonesia’s human rights diplomacy in many multilateral forums increasingly reflects our strong commitment to the promotion of human rights at global level. In 2010, Indonesia took part in many important initiatives at the United Nations.
Manifesting this commitment, Indonesia signed the Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance in September 2010.
In 2010 Indonesia also paid a great deal of attention to overcoming the regional political development gap. There is an urgent need to promote the closing of the political development gap so that these two aspects of development—economic and political—can advance hand in hand.
That is why Indonesia holds the annual Bali Democracy Forum. This forum laid a strong foundation for the development of democracy in the region in 2008 and 2009, and by 2010 this forum had been greatly consolidated and had become a part of the architecture of democracy in the region.
This was reflected by the number of countries and levels of delegations that participated in the forum last year. In 2009 for example, the Bali Democracy Forum was attended by 35 country participants and 13 observer countries. In 2010, the Bali Democracy Forum was attended by 42 country participants and 29 observer countries. In 2009, eight ministers attended the BDF meeting, while last year, 27 heads of delegation with ministerial rank were in attendance.
In 2011, Indonesia will further strengthen its role and contributions to promote economic and political development in the region in a more parallel and balanced manner.
As we begin the year of 2011, the terrorist attacks in Egypt remind us all about the threat of terrorism that still haunts humankind. For Indonesia, terrorism is an extraordinary crime that requires international cooperation.
Taking into account the developments during 2010, Indonesia attaches great importance to global efforts to promote dialogue among religions and civilizations.
These can greatly help in addressing various international challenges of today, including the threat of terrorism and extremism. Dialogue can also bridge the gaps in understanding between countries and even within countries.
In 2010, with the involvement of civil society, Indonesia organized several interfaith dialogues—with the United States, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech, Hungary, German and Spain. These were carried out in line with the commitment of Indonesia to continuosly serve as a bridge among civilizations.
Foreign policy and diplomacy must be harnessed to promote international cooperation in dealing with disasters that are so often taking place in various parts of the world. As a country in a disaster-prone region, Indonesia strongly advocates international cooperation in disaster management.
In 2010, we continued to play an active role in promoting regional cooperation in capacity building for disaster response and management. In cooperation with the UN office of disaster management affairs, Indonesia conducted workshops on humanitarian partnership. We also served as host to the Asian Ministerial-level Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in 2012.
As we had stressed early last year, border diplomacy is one of the priorities of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia. We have therefore intensified our efforts to negotiate border issues with various countries that have common borders with Indonesia.
In 2010, we held 23 border negotiation rounds with seven countries.
Therefore, in 2011, we will maintain the intensity and the quality of these negotiations so that they will serve the national interest of Indonesia.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is committed to ensuring protection of Indonesian citizens abroad. The principle of partiality and commitment to the protection of citizens are deeply instilled in every Indonesian diplomat.
According to data obtained by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in 2010, of the approximately 3.3 million Indonesian citizens living abroad, there were around 16,000 cases involving our citizens or 0.49 percent out of all Indonesian citizens abroad.
Data obtained by our Ministry also showed that 90 percent of these 16.000 cases had been resolved as of December 2010.
The rate at which these cases are solved still needs to be enhanced.
In the future, besides increasing protection of our citizens abroad through agreements on labor protection with the receiving countries, Indonesian diplomacy will also give special attention to prevention and early detection efforts.
These two concerns require a comprehensive effort covering both the upstream to the downstream.
As a final thought, we truely realize that foreign policy will only be effective with a strong sense of ownsership and participation from all stakeholders.
With the Parliament, we will always hold formal and informal consultations and continue to improve these dialogues.
Mass media also play an important role.
Today the media is a pillar of foreign policy and diplomacy.
We really appreciate the excellent cooperation that we have enjoyed with mass media over the years. We look forward to congratulating the recipients of the Adam Malik Award this year.
We believe that we can still improve this already excellent cooperation in the future.
Indeed, the success of Indonesian foreign policy and diplomacy is the result of joint efforts from all elements of the nation.
Only with hard work from all elements of the nation, can we ensure that Indonesia has a more significant role and more robust influence in the region.
Only with that, Indonesia can make a greater contribution in the global forum.
Only with that, Indonesia’s foreign policy and diplomacy will devoutly serve the national interests of Indonesia.
To achieve Indonesia’s national development goals and bring better prosperity to its people.
Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabaraktuh.